July 6th 1775 The Declaration for the Causes and Necessity

Discussion in 'The Pub' started by MrApathy, Jul 2, 2007.

  1. MrApathy

    MrApathy Active Member

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    Of Arms

    I repeat
    July 6th 1775 The Declaration for the Causes and Necessity of ARMS!

    yes I know I am 4 days early of the 6th but that was the 6th of 1775 nearly a year
    early of the Declaration of Independence.
     
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Am ... ttles#1775
    1775
    Battles of Lexington and Concord – April 19, 1775
    Siege of Boston – April 19 - March 17, 1776
    Capture of Fort Ticonderoga – May 10, 1775
    Battle of Crown Point – May 12, 1775
    Battle of St. Johns – May 14-18, 1775
    Battle of Noodles Island – May 27, 1775
    Battle of Hog Island – May 28, 1775
    Battle of Bunker Hill – June 17, 1775
    Battle of Gloucester – August 8, 1775
    Battle of Stonington – August 30, 1775
    Battle of Ile Aux Noix – September 5, 1775
    Battle of St. Johns (First) – September 18 - November 3, 1775
    Burning of Falmouth – October 18, 1775*
    Battle of Kemp's Landing – November 14, 1775
    Battle of Great Bridge – November 28 - December 9, 1775
    Battle of Quebec – December 31, 1775

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaratio ... ng_Up_Arms

    This document was prepared by the Second Continental Congress to explain to the world why the British colonies had taken up arms against Great Britain. It is a combination of the work of Thomas Jefferson and Colonel John Dickinson. Jefferson completed the first draft, but it was perceived by the Contenential Congress as too harsh and militant; Dickinson prepared the second. The final document combined the work of the two. This Document was frowned upon by many leaders.
    The declaration describes those actions of the British government that had angered the colonists and justifies the need to resist with arms. It does not proclaim a desire to break with the mother country, instead expressing the need to conserve old liberties and the old order "in defence of the freedom that is our birth right and which we ever enjoyed until the late violation of it."

    For liberty some things are worth repeating.

    http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/
    http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/arms.htm

    A Declaration by the Representatives of the United Colonies of North-America,
    Now Met in Congress at Philadelphia, Setting Forth the Causes and Necessity
    of Their Taking Up Arms.(1)

    If it was possible for men, who exercise their reason to believe, that the
    divine Author of our existence intended a part of the human race to hold an
    absolute property in, and an unbounded power over others, marked out by his
    infinite goodness and wisdom, as the objects of a legal domination never
    rightfully resistible, however severe and oppressive, the inhabitants of
    these colonies might at least require from the parliament of Great-Britain
    some evidence, that this dreadful authority over them, has been granted to
    that body. But a reverance for our Creator, principles of humanity, and the
    dictates of common sense, must convince all those who reflect upon the
    subject, that government was instituted to promote the welfare of mankind,
    and ought to be administered for the attainment of that end. The legislature
    of Great-Britain, however, stimulated by an inordinate passion for a power
    not only unjustifiable, but which they know to be peculiarly reprobated by
    the very constitution of that kingdom, and desparate of success in any mode
    of contest, where regard should be had to truth, law, or right, have at
    length, deserting those, attempted to effect their cruel and impolitic
    purpose of enslaving these colonies by violence, and have thereby rendered it
    necessary for us to close with their last appeal from reason to arms. - Yet,
    however blinded that assembly may be, by their intemperate rage for unlimited
    domination, so to sight justice and the opinion of mankind, we esteem
    ourselves bound by obligations of respect to the rest of the world, to make
    known the justice of our cause.

    Our forefathers, inhabitants of the island of Great-Britain, left their native
    land, to seek on these shores a residence for civil and religious freedom. At
    the expense of their blood, at the hazard of their fortunes, without the
    least charge to the country from which they removed, by unceasing labour, and
    an unconquerable spirit, they effected settlements in the distant and
    unhospitable wilds of America, then filled with numerous and warlike
    barbarians. -- Societies or governments, vested with perfect legislatures,
    were formed under charters from the crown, and an harmonious intercourse was
    established between the colonies and the kingdom from which they derived
    their origin. The mutual benefits of this union became in a short time so
    extraordinary, as to excite astonishment. It is universally confessed, that
    the amazing increase of the wealth, strength, and navigation of the realm,
    arose from this source; and the minister, who so wisely and successfully
    directed the measures of Great-Britain in the late war, publicly declared,
    that these colonies enabled her to triumph over her enemies. --Towards the
    conclusion of that war, it pleased our sovereign to make a change in his
    counsels. -- From that fatal movement, the affairs of the British empire
    began to fall into confusion, and gradually sliding from the summit of
    glorious prosperity, to which they had been advanced by the virtues and
    abilities of one man, are at length distracted by the convulsions, that now
    shake it to its deepest foundations. -- The new ministry finding the brave
    foes of Britain, though frequently defeated, yet still contending, took up
    the unfortunate idea of granting them a hasty peace, and then subduing her
    faithful friends.

    These devoted colonies were judged to be in such a state, as to present
    victories without bloodshed, and all the easy emoluments of statuteable
    plunder. -- The uninterrupted tenor of their peaceable and respectful
    behaviour from the beginning of colonization, their dutiful, zealous, and
    useful services during the war, though so recently and amply acknowledged in
    the most honourable manner by his majesty, by the late king, and by
    parliament, could not save them from the meditated innovations. -- Parliament
    was influenced to adopt the pernicious project, and assuming a new power over
    them, have in the course of eleven years, given such decisive specimens of
    the spirit and consequences attending this power, as to leave no doubt
    concerning the effects of acquiescence under it. They have undertaken to give
    and grant our money without our consent, though we have ever exercised an
    exclusive right to dispose of our own property; statutes have been passed for
    extending the jurisdiction of courts of admiralty and vice-admiralty beyond
    their ancient limits; for depriving us of the accustomed and inestimable
    privilege of trial by jury, in cases affecting both life and property; for
    suspending the legislature of one of the colonies; for interdicting all
    commerce to the capital of another; and for altering fundamentally the form
    of government established by charter, and secured by acts of its own
    legislature solemnly confirmed by the crown; for exempting the "murderers" of
    colonists from legal trial, and in effect, from punishment; for erecting in a
    neighbouring province, acquired by the joint arms of Great-Britain and
    America, a despotism dangerous to our very existence; and for quartering
    soldiers upon the colonists in time of profound peace. It has also been
    resolved in parliament, that colonists charged with committing certain
    offences, shall be transported to England to be tried.

    But why should we enumerate our injuries in detail? By one statute it is
    declared, that parliament can "of right make laws to bind us in all cases
    whatsoever." What is to defend us against so enormous, so unlimited a power?
    Not a single man of those who assume it, is chosen by us; or is subject to
    our control or influence; but, on the contrary, they are all of them exempt
    from the operation of such laws, and an American revenue, if not diverted
    from the ostensible purposes for which it is raised, would actually lighten
    their own burdens in proportion, as they increase ours. We saw the misery to
    which such despotism would reduce us. We for ten years incessantly and
    ineffectually besieged the throne as supplicants; we reasoned, we
    remonstrated with parliament, in the most mild and decent language.

    Administration sensible that we should regard these oppressive measures as
    freemen ought to do, sent over fleets and armies to enforce them. The
    indignation of the Americans was roused, it is true; but it was the
    indignation of a virtuous, loyal, and affectionate people. A Congress of
    delegates from the United Colonies was assembled at Philadelphia, on the
    fifth day of last September. We resolved again to offer an humble and dutiful
    petition to the King, and also addressed our fellow-subjects of
    Great-Britain. We have pursued every temperate, every respectful measure; we
    have even proceeded to break off our commercial intercourse with our
    fellow-subjects, as the last peaceable admonition, that our attachment to no
    nation upon earth should supplant our attachment to liberty. -- This, we
    flattered ourselves, was the ultimate step of the controversy: but subsequent
    events have shewn, how vain was this hope of finding moderation in our
    enemies.

    Several threatening expressions against the colonies were inserted in his
    majesty's speech; our petition, tho' we were told it was a decent one, and
    that his majesty had been pleased to receive it graciously, and to promise
    laying it before his parliament, was huddled into both houses among a bundle
    of American papers, and there neglected. The lords and commons in their
    address, in the month of February, said, that "a rebellion at that time
    actually existed within the province of Massachusetts-Bay; and that those
    concerned with it, had been countenanced and encouraged by unlawful
    combinations and engagements, entered into by his majesty's subjects in
    several of the other colonies; and therefore they besought his majesty, that
    he would take the most effectual measures to inforce due obediance to the
    laws and authority of the supreme legislature." -- Soon after, the commercial
    intercourse of whole colonies, with foreign countries, and with each other,
    was cut off by an act of parliament; by another several of them were intirely
    prohibited from the fisheries in the seas near their coasts, on which they
    always depended for their sustenance; and large reinforcements of ships and
    troops were immediately sent over to general Gage.

    Fruitless were all the entreaties, arguments, and eloquence of an illustrious
    band of the most distinguished peers, and commoners, who nobly and
    strenuously asserted the justice of our cause, to stay, or even to mitigate
    the heedless fury with which these accumulated and unexampled outrages were
    hurried on. -- equally fruitless was the interference of the city of London,
    of Bristol, and many other respectable towns in our favor. Parliament adopted
    an insidious manoeuvre calculated to divide us, to establish a perpetual
    auction of taxations where colony should bid against colony, all of them
    uninformed what ransom would redeem their lives; and thus to extort from us,
    at the point of the bayonet, the unknown sums that should be sufficient to
    gratify, if possible to gratify, ministerial rapacity, with the miserable
    indulgence left to us of raising, in our own mode, the prescribed tribute.
    What terms more rigid and humiliating could have been dictated by remorseless
    victors to conquered enemies? in our circumstances to accept them, would be
    to deserve them.

    Soon after the intelligence of these proceedings arrived on this continent,
    general Gage, who in the course of the last year had taken possession of the
    town of Boston, in the province of Massachusetts-Bay, and still occupied it a
    garrison, on the 19th day of April, sent out from that place a large
    detachment of his army, who made an unprovoked assault on the inhabitants of
    the said province, at the town of Lexington, as appears by the affidavits of
    a great number of persons, some of whom were officers and soldiers of that
    detachment, murdered eight of the inhabitants, and wounded many others. From
    thence the troops proceeded in warlike array to the town of Concord, where
    they set upon another party of the inhabitants of the same province, killing
    several and wounding more, until compelled to retreat by the country people
    suddenly assembled to repel this cruel aggression. Hostilities, thus
    commenced by the British troops, have been since prosecuted by them without
    regard to faith or reputation. -- The inhabitants of Boston being confined
    within that town by the general their governor, and having, in order to
    procure their dismission, entered into a treaty with him, it was stipulated
    that the said inhabitants having deposited their arms with their own
    magistrate, should have liberty to depart, taking with them their other
    effects. They accordingly delivered up their arms, but in open violation of
    honour, in defiance of the obligation of treaties, which even savage nations
    esteemed sacred, the governor ordered the arms deposited as aforesaid, that
    they might be preserved for their owners, to be seized by a body of soldiers;
    detained the greatest part of the inhabitants in the town, and compelled the
    few who were permitted to retire, to leave their most valuable effects
    behind.

    By this perfidy wives are separated from their husbands, children from their
    parents, the aged and the sick from their relations and friends, who wish to
    attend and comfort them; and those who have been used to live in plenty and
    even elegance, are reduced to deplorable distress.

    The general, further emulating his ministerial masters, by a proclamation
    bearing date on the 12th day of June, after venting the grossest falsehoods
    and calumnies against the good people of these colonies, proceeds to "declare
    them all, either by name or description, to be rebels and traitors, to
    supersede the course of the common law, and instead thereof to publish and
    order the use and exercise of the law martial." -- His troops have butchered
    our countrymen, have wantonly burnt Charlestown, besides a considerable
    number of houses in other places; our ships and vessels are seized; the
    necessary supplies of provisions are intercepted, and he is exerting his
    utmost power to spread destruction and devastation around him.

    We have rceived certain intelligence, that general Carelton[Carleton], the
    governor of Canada, is instigating the people of that province and the
    Indians to fall upon us; and we have but too much reason to apprehend, that
    schemes have been formed to excite domestic enemies against us. In brief, a
    part of these colonies now feel, and all of them are sure of feeling, as far
    as the vengeance of administration can inflict them, the complicated
    calamities of fire, sword and famine. We(2) are reduced to the alternative of
    chusing an unconditional submission to the tyranny of irritated ministers, or
    resistance by force. -- The latter is our choice. -- We have counted the cost
    of this contest, and find nothing so dreadful as voluntary slavery. --
    Honour, justice, and humanity, forbid us tamely to surrender that freedom
    which we received from our gallant ancestors, and which our innocent
    posterity have a right to receive from us. We cannot endure the infamy and
    guilt of resigning succeeding generations to that wretchedness which
    inevitably awaits them, if we basely entail hereditary bondage upon them.

    Our cause is just. Our union is perfect. Our internal resources are great,
    and, if necessary, foreign assistance is undoubtedly attainable. -- We
    gratefully acknowledge, as signal instances of the Divine favour towards us,
    that his Providence would not permit us to be called into this severe
    controversy, until we were grown up to our present strength, had been
    previously exercised in warlike operation, and possessed of the means of
    defending ourselves. With hearts fortified with these animating reflections,
    we most solemnly, before God and the world, declare, that, exerting the
    utmost energy of those powers, which our beneficent Creator hath graciously
    bestowed upon us, the arms we have been compelled by our enemies to assume,
    we will, in defiance of every hazard, with unabating firmness and
    perseverence, employ for the preservation of our liberties; being with one
    mind resolved to die freemen rather than to live slaves.

    Lest this declaration should disquiet the minds of our friends and
    fellow-subjects in any part of the empire, we assure them that we mean not to
    dissolve that union which has so long and so happily subsisted between us,
    and which we sincerely wish to see restored. -- Necessity has not yet driven
    us into that desperate measure, or induced us to excite any other nation to
    war against them. -- We have not raised armies with ambitious designs of
    separating from Great-Britain, and establishing independent states. We fight
    not for glory or for conquest. We exhibit to mankind the remarkable spectacle
    of a people attacked by unprovoked enemies, without any imputation or even
    suspicion of offence. They boast of their privileges and civilization, and
    yet proffer no milder conditions than servitude or death.

    In our own native land, in defense of the freedom that is our birthright, and
    which we ever enjoyed till the late violation of it -- for the protection of
    our property, acquired solely by the honest industry of our fore-fathers and
    ourselves, against violence actually offered, we have taken up arms. We shall
    lay them down when hostilities shall cease on the part of the aggressors, and
    all danger of their being renewed shall be removed, and not before.
    With an humble confidence in the mercies of the supreme and impartial Judge
    and Ruler of the Universe, we most devoutly implore his divine goodness to
    protect us happily through this great conflict, to dispose our adversaries to
    reconciliation on reasonable terms, and thereby to relieve the empire from
    the calamities of civil war.

    (1) Primarily the work of Thomas Jefferson and John Dickinson.p.168 Morison,
    Samuel Eliot and Henry Steele Commager, William E. Leuchtenburg. The Growth
    of the American Republic : Volume 1. Seventh Edition. New York : Oxford
    University Press; 1980. (Note added by the Avalon Project). Back
    (2) From this point the declaration follows Jefferson's draft.

    another nice site with History of the US
    http://www.law.ou.edu/ushistory/

    http://www.americanrevolution.com/

    List of American Revolutionary war battles of 1775
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Am ... ttles#1775

    The major one the shot heard round the world being the battle of
    where British troops were ordered to seize the powder and weapons stored in
    public communal stores of Lexington and Concord
    Lexington and Concord April 1775
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of ... nd_Concord
     
  2. babj615

    babj615 Premium Member

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    It will take me a liitle time to look through this completely, but I wish to

    THANK YOU

    for your excellent contributions!!!!
     

  3. bigtaco

    bigtaco Active Member

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    good one.

    funny to me is that by today's standards of "gun nuts", most anti-gun types would deem many of our forefathers words absolutely ludicrous.

    i think the anti-gun crowd has completely forgotten about the time when americans were subjects of tyrannical rule and won an armed rebellion against their oppressive government.
     
  4. West01

    West01 New Member

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    Thank you Mr.A for this excellent post and links.

    Cheers!

    West01
    :D
     
  5. SELFDEFENSE

    SELFDEFENSE Premium Member

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    Fundamental truths endure
     
  6. MrApathy

    MrApathy Active Member

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    have a happy and safe 4th